Karate,Jujtsu, Judo, What is the meaning?
Karate, Jujitsu,Judo, is not a well-defined terms. If you say that one studies jujitsu, Karate or Judo or whatever the name of the system is similar to saying that one studies martial arts. Generally, all these names is a hand to hand fighting methods concerned with defending oneself against attack. There are a large number of systems, both classical and modern, some focus on grappling, some on joint locks and throwing techniques and some even specialize in striking.
Take the term KARATE-DO for example, KARA meaning is empty, TE means hands, while DO means “Way” so if you put that translations together it will be something like this: “the way of empty hands! It does not imply that you can only strike or grapple or just throw, it means you use your body as a weapon, in another words; everything is KARATE, KARATE is everything. When you see an artist making a vase out of clay using only his hands, he is a KARATE KA.
(NOTE: “jujutsu” is actually the proper pronunciation and English spelling and will be used when referring to the various classical Japanese schools. “Jujitsu” is the common western pronunciation and is typically used by the modern methods of the art developed outside of Japan. “Jiu-jitsu” is an older English spelling and has become the standard when referring to the system developed in Brazil by the Gracie family.)
Jujutsu was originally created by the samurai as a hand to hand combat method for the battlefields of ancient Japan. While military training primarily focused on armed combat, methods had to be devised for a worst-case scenario when a warrior found himself without his sword and facing an armed opponent.
Early jujutsu tactics generally consisted of closing the distance with the enemy to grapple. Once in close, the opponent’s use of his sword was greatly nullified. This allowed the warrior to either bring to bear a smaller weapon, such as a dagger or short sword, to attack gaps in his enemy’s armor or throw his opponent down where they could be immobilized and finished off with a joint breaking technique or weapon.
As Japan became relatively unified and peaceful, mass battlefield conflicts became less common place and one-on-one encounters between two unarmored opponents became the norm. Military tactics adapted and unarmed fighting techniques became more numerous and sophisticated as the need for their application increased.
However, it wasn’t until the abolishment of the samurai class and the teaching of jujutsu to civilians that jujutsu really began to grow, they had to make money and teaching martial arts was one way to do it!. Now that the focus of most combat had shifted from armored warriors fighting on the battlefield to everyday citizens using jujutsu for self defense, the various schools and techniques grew tenfold. This emphasis on self defense over battlefield combat is what led jujutsu to develop many schools, or “Ryu”, that primarily (if not solely) focused on hand to hand fighting and not just as a secondary method to armed combat.
Jigoro Kano, the founder of Kodokan Judo, study several “RYU” and name his school JUDO, if you want to realize the real truth, JUDO is nothing but a another school of JUJITSU, with a personal understanding and touches of its founder, nothing more, nothing less. Jigoro Kano, was a pivotal figure in Japanese education and sport, who devised the method from his studies in the
Kito Ryu and Tenshin Shinyo Ryu jujutsu. Judo is now widely practiced around the world as an Olympic sport and method of self defense.
My master used to tell me: You never will teach “MY KARATE” so I asked why he said that and he start to explain; you see…it is all about the human factor, your movements will be based on your body to perform them, the success or failure on combat, will depend on your spirit, it is not about the art he said, it is all about the fighter! A great teacher knowing this will adapt his teaching methods based on his student’s body and ability to learn and comprehend the lessons.
There are several schools of jujutsu in Japan today. Many practice the same ancient techniques that have been handed down for centuries in their lineage. These classical schools, known as “koryu”, are very, very rare outside of Japan. There are perhaps less than a dozen people licensed to teach these methods in the United States.
There also exist several modern schools of jujutsu, known as “gendai” arts. Perhaps the two most popular are Judo and Aikido.
Aikido was founded by Moreihei Ueshiba based on his studies of the Daito Ryu and influenced by a number of other jujutsu schools. Aikido is a very popular martial art, offering physical and spiritual development as well as a solid method of personal defense.
There also exist a large number of self defense systems that have been formed in the past few decades both inside and outside of Japan. These methods of modern jujitsu often combine techniques from judo, karate and aikido..
Brazilian jiu-jitsu is a system developed from the Gracie family from Brazil. Its techniques are derived from early Kodokan Judo, and have adapted over time to focus on grappling and self defense applications. Jiu-jitsu is taught both as a means of combat wherein a smaller person can use technique and leverage to defeat a larger, stronger attacker and as a competitive sport.
The fighting techniques of Brazilian jiu-jitsu follow the same strategy used by the ancient samurai: close the distance, take the opponent down and immobilize them. Once controlled, the decision can be made to finish the fight using strikes, joint breaks or to simply restrain the opponent depending upon the severity of the encounter.
SAKUSEN-DO-RYU is one these methods that was born because of the freedom necessity of research, we train our students in all aspects of the combat, from competition to self defense using techniques that were formed both on the ancient battlefield generations ago as well as modern techniques created of modified by coaches all over the world including us.
We strive to not just develop strong competitors or people that can defend themselves and their loved ones in a dangerous situation, but well-rounded martial artists with the BUSHI spirit. Our philosophic approach is based on Hellenic Stoicism to build strong individuals that can learn to see the obstacles as the way.